Toyota Yaris: Sfi System / Engine Difficult to Start

Toyota Yaris XP210 (2020-2022) Reapir and Service Manual / Engine & Hybrid System / G16e-gts (engine Control) / Sfi System / Engine Difficult to Start

DESCRIPTION

Problem Symptom

Suspected Area

Trouble Area

  • Engine does not crank
  • Engine cranks slowly
  • Auxiliary battery depletion
  • Starter malfunction

Starter system

  • Auxiliary battery depletion
  • Starter malfunction
  • Starter circuit

Excessive engine friction

Engine

Engine assembly

  • Starting time is long
  • Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion
  • Idle speed too low or high
  • The engine stalls immediately after starting

Strong engine vibration due to above symptoms

  • Ignition malfunction
  • Deviation in air fuel ratio (Excessive or insufficient intake air volume or fuel supply)
  • Insufficient compression
  • Changes in load from another system

Ignition system

  • Spark plug
  • Ignition coil assembly

Fuel system

  • Direct fuel injector assembly
  • Port fuel injector assembly
  • Fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side)
  • Fuel pump (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel pump control circuit
  • Fuel suction plate sub-assembly
  • Fuel main valve assembly
  • Fuel line
  • Purge VSV system
  • Fuel quality (existence of foreign matter, degradation)

Intake and exhaust systems

  • Mass air flow meter sub-assembly
  • Intake system

    (Air leaks or deposit accumulation)

  • Throttle body with motor assembly
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1)
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2)
  • Cam timing oil control solenoid assembly
  • Variable Valve Timing system (VVT system)

Other control systems

  • ECM
  • Wire harness or connector
  • Knock control sensor
  • Engine coolant temperature sensor
  • Immobiliser system

Engine

  • Water control valve
  • Engine assembly
  • Crankshaft position sensor

High load from another system

  • Air conditioning system
  • Power steering system
  • Electrical load signal system

SYMPTOM AND CAUSE OF SYSTEM MALFUNCTION

HINT:

The following are descriptions of the characteristics of each system malfunction. After understanding the link between the causes and symptoms, perform the inspection of each component. Even if the problem symptom does not recur, signs of the malfunction may be found in the Data List.

(a) Ignition system

Spark plug

Main cause of malfunction

Performance degradation (wear, existence of foreign matter, etc.)

Symptom

Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion

Data List

Misfire Count Cylinder #1 to #3

HINT:

If the spark plug of the malfunctioning cylinder is abnormally wet with fuel, a leaking fuel injector assembly is suspected.

Ignition coil assembly

Main cause of malfunction

Internal malfunction

Problem symptom

Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion

Data List

Misfire Count Cylinder #1 to #3

(b) Fuel system

Fuel injector assembly

Main cause of malfunction

Blockage, leak

Problem symptom

  • Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion
  • Idle speed too low or high
  • Engine is difficult to start due to high concentration of HC

Data List

  • Target Air-Fuel Ratio
  • Short FT B1S1
  • Long FT B1S1
  • Total FT Bank 1
  • Fuel System Status Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Idle Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Low Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.1 Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.2 Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value High Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Idle (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Low (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.1 (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.2 (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value High (Port) Bank 1

HINT:

  • If the engine malfunction disappears when the fuel injection volume is increased or decreased using the "Control the Injection Volume", the respective cylinder may be malfunctioning.
  • If the engine is difficult to start only when the vehicle has been left as is for a long time, a leaking fuel injector assembly is suspected.
Fuel system

Main cause of malfunction

Fuel suction plate sub-assembly or fuel main valve assembly malfunction

Problem symptom

Engine is difficult to start due to insufficient fuel supply

HINT:

  • If the fuel suction plate sub-assembly or fuel main valve assembly cannot maintain residual pressure, fuel vaporization or air intrusion may occur, causing starting difficulty.
  • If the air fuel ratio becomes lean only when the engine is running under a high load and at a high engine speed, clogging of the fuel pump or fuel filter is suspected.
Fuel quality

Main cause of malfunction

  • Fuel degradation due to age or water contamination
  • Low fuel quality
  • Addition of fuel additive

Problem symptom

  • Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion
  • Idle speed too low or high
  • Engine is difficult to start
  • Lack of power

(c) Intake and exhaust systems

Mass air flow meter sub-assembly

Main cause of malfunction

Performance degradation (existence of foreign matter, etc.)

Problem symptom

Lack of power

Data List

Mass Air Flow Sensor

HINT:

If the value of the Data List item "Mass Air Flow Sensor" is abnormal, a malfunction of the mass air flow meter sub-assembly is suspected.

Throttle system

Main cause of malfunction

Inappropriate trim volume adjustment due to accumulation of deposits

Problem symptom

  • Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion
  • Idle speed too low or high
  • Lack of power

Data List

  • Engine Stall Control F/B Flow
  • ISC F/B Learn Torque
  • ISC Total AUXS Torque
  • ISC F/B Torque
  • Sum of ISC F/B Torque (Recent)
  • ISC AUXS Torque (Alternator)
  • ISC AUXS Torque (Air Conditioner)
  • Throttle Air Flow F/B Value
Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1), Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2)

Main cause of malfunction

Deviation in sensor characteristics

Problem symptom

Abnormal combustion due to deviation of actual air fuel ratio from calculated ratio

Data List

  • A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1
  • A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2
  • Fuel System Status Bank 1

(d) Engine

Engine assembly

Main cause of malfunction

  • Compression loss
  • Accumulation of deposits

    (Combustion chamber, intake valve, exhaust valve or intake manifold)

Problem symptom

  • Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion
  • Idle speed too low or high
  • Hesitation during acceleration or stalling

HINT:

  • If deposits have accumulated in the combustion chamber or on an intake or exhaust valve, the engine may stall when deposits are caught on an intake or exhaust valve.
  • When performing the Active Test "Check the Cylinder Compression", if the speed of one cylinder is higher than the others, the cylinder may have a compression loss.
  • If deposits accumulate on the intake or exhaust valves, the supply of fuel may be delayed due to adherence of the fuel to the deposits, causing a rough idle.

Data List Items Related to Engine Difficult to Start

HINT:

Depending on the vehicle model, the applicable Data List items may vary. Data List items other than the ones used in the diagnostic procedure are for reference only.

  • Mass Air Flow Sensor
  • Engine Stall Control F/B Flow
  • ISC F/B Learn Torque
  • ISC Total AUXS Torque
  • ISC F/B Torque
  • Sum of ISC F/B Torque (Recent)
  • ISC AUXS Torque (Alternator)
  • ISC AUXS Torque (Air Conditioner)
  • Throttle Air Flow F/B Value
  • Target Fuel Pressure (High)
  • Target Fuel Pressure (Low) / Target Fuel Pressure 2
  • Fuel Pressure (High)
  • Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2
  • High Pressure Fuel Pump Duty Ratio (D4)
  • High Pressure Fuel Pump Discharge Rate
  • Target Air-Fuel Ratio
  • A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1
  • A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2
  • Short FT B1S1
  • Long FT B1S1
  • Total FT Bank 1
  • Fuel System Status Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Idle Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Low Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.1 Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.2 Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value High Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Idle (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Low (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.1 (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value Mid No.2 (Port) Bank 1
  • A/F Learn Value High (Port) Bank 1
  • Misfire Count Cylinder #1 to #3

Vehicle Control History Freeze Frame Data Items Related to Engine Difficult to Start

HINT:

The frequency of the malfunction can be determined by confirming the number of times the symptom occurred.

  • Engine Difficult to Start Count (Engine Starting Time Long)
  • Engine Difficult to Start Count (Immobiliser)
  • Engine Difficult to Start Count (Engine Stall Immediately After Starting)

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

  • If any other DTCs are output, perform troubleshooting for those DTCs first.
  • Make sure to reproduce the conditions present when the malfunction occurred.
  • Using the GTS, read the Data List to confirm the engine operating conditions. This information can be useful when troubleshooting.
  • The vehicle condition when the problem symptoms occurred can be determined using the Vehicle Control History.
  • As the Vehicle Control History data may be overwritten whenever the trigger conditions are met, make sure to save the Vehicle Control History data before performing any inspections.
  • If the problem symptoms do not recur, attempt to reproduce the symptoms and conditions when the malfunction occurred based on the result of the customer problem analysis and Vehicle Control History. Place the priority on confirming the symptoms.
  • When performing inspections, jiggle the relevant wire harnesses and connectors in an attempt to reproduce malfunctions that do not always occur.
  • The suspected cause of the problem symptoms can be determined using the codes, items, and Freeze Frame Data within the Vehicle Control History.
  • When confirming the Freeze Frame Data, be sure to check all multi Freeze Frame Data.
  • When confirming the Freeze Frame Data, if there are multiple items related to the cause of the malfunction, perform troubleshooting for all related items.
  • If the malfunction is currently occurring, use the Data List to confirm the current vehicle condition. By using the Data List, more detailed vehicle information can be confirmed than by using the Vehicle Control History Freeze Frame Data by itself.
  • As Vehicle Control History may be stored when performing an Active Test, learning, etc., make sure to clear the Vehicle Control History before returning the vehicle to the customer.
  • If the engine is started immediately after reconnecting the auxiliary battery terminal, the engine may stall immediately after it starts due to the intercommunication process between each ECU. For this reason, when starting the engine after reconnecting the auxiliary battery terminal, first turn the ignition switch to ON and then wait several seconds for the communication process to complete before starting the engine.

PROCEDURE

1.

INTERVIEW THE CUSTOMER

(a) Interview the customer for details about the conditions when the engine was difficult to start.

HINT:

In addition to the usual questions, be sure to ask the customer about the specific details when the problem symptoms occurred.

Condition When Problem Symptom Occurred

Suspected Area

After refueling at an unfamiliar gas station, the engine became difficult to start.

Fuel quality

After the addition of fuel additives, the engine became difficult to start.

Addition of fuel additive

Only after leaving the vehicle for a long time, the engine becomes difficult to start.

Leaking fuel injector assembly

The vehicle mostly driven for short distances only.

Formation of carbon deposits on spark plug

NEXT

2.

CHECK DTC OUTPUT

(a) Perform a road test.

(b) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTCs are not output

A

DTC is output

B

B

GO TO DTC CHART

A

3.

READ VEHICLE CONTROL HISTORY FREEZE FRAME DATA AND PERFORM SYMPTOM CONFIRMATION

(a) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Utility

Tester Display

Vehicle Control History (RoB)

HINT:

It is also possible to display vehicle control history during the Health Check, if "Store All Data" is selected.

(b) Confirm if any data relating to the problem symptoms exist in the Vehicle Control History.

HINT:

  • The vehicle condition when the problem symptoms occurred can be determined by confirming the Vehicle Control History Freeze Frame Data.
  • As the Vehicle Control History data may be overwritten whenever the trigger conditions are met, make sure to save the Vehicle Control History data before performing any inspections.
  • Using information from the customer about when the problem symptom occurred, find the Freeze Frame Data with the appropriate Key Cycle, Total Distance Traveled, etc., to find vehicle history that may be related to the problem symptoms.

(c) Check if the problem symptoms stated by the customer are currently occurring.

HINT:

  • By using snapshot to store the Data List, the Data List items can be compared to the Vehicle Control History.
  • If the problem symptoms cannot be reproduced, refer to Check for Intermittent Problems, and try to reproduce the conditions when the problem symptoms occurred as stated by the customer.

    Click here

(d) Read the Data List or the Vehicle Control History Freeze Frame Data.

HINT:

  • If the malfunction is currently occurring, compare the values of the Data List items with the vehicle control history freeze frame data.
  • If the malfunction is not currently occurring, read the Vehicle Control History Freeze Frame Data.

Vehicle Control History

Vehicle Control History Freeze Frame Data / Data List While Problem Symptoms Are Occurring

Suspected Area

Proceed to

Engine Difficult to Start (Engine Starting Time Long) is stored

(Vehicle Control History Code: X0810)

Engine speed is 0 rpm (engine does not crank)

Auxiliary battery depletion, excessive engine friction, starter malfunction or crankshaft position sensor malfunction

A

Engine speed is between 100 and 500 rpm (engine cranks but combustion does not occur, initial combustion delays or combustion occurs late)

Ignition system, fuel system malfunction or wire harness

B

Engine Difficult to Start (Immobiliser) is stored

(Vehicle Control History Code: X0812)

-

The engine stalled due to operation of immobiliser system. Check the immobiliser system for malfunctions.

C

The malfunction is not currently occurring and there is no Vehicle Control History related to the problem symptoms stated by the customer.

B

A

GO TO STEP 6

C

GO TO IMMOBILISER SYSTEM

B

4.

CHECK INTERVIEW RESULT

(a) Check the interview result.

Result

Proceed to

Engine is difficult to start only when the vehicle has been left as is for a long time (1 hour or more)

A

Other than above

B

B

GO TO STEP 6

A

5.

INSPECT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

(a) Clean the inside of the intake manifold with compressed air.

(b) After stopping the engine, measure the HC concentration inside the surge tank for 15 minutes.

Result

Proceed to

Less than 4000 ppm

A

4000 ppm or higher

B

HINT:

  • If the concentration is 4000 ppm or higher, a fuel injector assembly may have a sealing problem.
  • Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel injector assembly.

    Click here

A

GO TO STEP 6

B

REPLACE FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

6.

CHECK CRANKING

(a) Check the engine cranking operation.

Result

Proceed to

The engine does not crank or cranks slowly

A

The engine cranks normally

B

B

GO TO STEP 8

A

7.

INSPECT AUXILIARY BATTERY

Click here

OK

CHECK STARTER SIGNAL CIRCUIT

NG

CHARGE OR REPLACE AUXILIARY BATTERY

8.

SYMPTOM CONFIRMATION

(a) Check if the problem symptoms reported in the customer problem analysis recur.

HINT:

If the problem symptoms do not recur, attempt to reproduce the conditions when the malfunction occurred based on the result of the customer problem analysis.

Result

Proceed to

The problem symptom recurs

A

The problem symptom does not recur (occurred in the past)

B

B

CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS

A

9.

CHECK INITIAL COMBUSTION

(a) Check that the engine starts or there is initial combustion.

HINT:

If there is no initial combustion, perform a simple spark test by removing the bolt of the ignition coil assembly, partially lifting the ignition coil assembly, and checking for spark.

Click here

Result

Proceed to

The engine starts or there is initial combustion

A

There is no initial combustion and no spark occurs

B

B

GO TO STEP 32

A

10.

READ VALUE USING GTS (ISC F/B LEARN TORQUE)

(a) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

ISC F/B Learn Torque

(b) Read the value displayed on the GTS.

Result

Proceed to

Less than 15 Nm

A

Other than above

B

B

GO TO STEP 30

A

11.

READ VALUE USING GTS (SHORT FT B1S1 AND LONG FT B1S1)

(a) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Short FT B1S1

Long FT B1S1

(b) Read the value displayed on the GTS.

Data List

Result

Proceed to

Short FT B1S1 + Long FT B1S1

-20% or higher, or less than 20%

A

Short FT B1S1 + Long FT B1S1

Other than above

B

HINT:

  • "Total FT Bank 1" is used to detect an abnormal air fuel ratio. As the value of "Total FT Bank 1" is corrected by the ECM before it is displayed in the Data List, the displayed value may not be equal to the sum of the measured "Short FT B1S1" and "Long FT B1S1".
  • An abnormally lean or rich tendency can be checked by reading the following Data List items: A/F Learn Value Idle Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Low Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Mid No.1 Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Mid No.2 Bank 1, A/F Learn Value High Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Idle (Port) Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Low (Port) Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Mid No.1 (Port) Bank 1, A/F Learn Value Mid No.2 (Port) Bank 1 and A/F Learn Value High (Port) Bank 1.
  • The following may cause a lean air fuel ratio (an operating range in which the air fuel ratio learned value correction is +20% or more):
    1. Decrease in fuel injector assembly injection volume
    2. Decrease in mass air flow meter sub-assembly output (due to existence of foreign matter)
    3. Air leaks in intake system after mass air flow meter sub-assembly
    4. Decrease in fuel pressure (at fuel filter, fuel pump, fuel main valve assembly or fuel suction plate sub-assembly)
  • On vehicles which the learning value for each operating range can be checked, if the value of "A/F Learn Value High Bank 1" or "A/F Learn Value High (Port) Bank 1" only is corrected to the positive side, a malfunction in the fuel system (clogging of the fuel pump or fuel filter) is suspected.
  • On vehicles which the learning value for each operating range can be checked, if the value of "A/F Learn Value Idle Bank 1", "A/F Learn Value Low Bank 1" or "A/F Learn Value Low (Port) Bank 1" only is corrected to the positive side, an air leak after the mass air flow meter sub-assembly is suspected.
  • The following may cause a rich air fuel ratio (an operating range in which the air fuel ratio learned value correction is -20% or less):
    1. Increase in the fuel injector assembly injection volume
    2. Purge VSV system
B

GO TO STEP 19

A

12.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (D-4S (FUEL CUT))

(a) Start the engine.

HINT:

Reproduce the vehicle conditions when the malfunction occurred. (such as after the engine is warmed up or after a cold start).

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

D-4S (Fuel Cut)

Data List Display

Injection Mode

(c) According to the display on the GTS, perform the Active Test and check for a malfunctioning cylinder.

HINT:

  • Perform fuel-cut of port injection and direct injection for each cylinder and check the change in the engine speed.
  • If the engine speed of a cylinder does not change while performing the Active Test, it can be determined that the cylinder is malfunctioning.
  • If the engine speed of all cylinders change while performing the Active Test, it can be determined that multiple cylinders are malfunctioning.
  • A cylinder for which the Data List item "Misfire Count Cylinder #1 to #3" increases may be malfunctioning.

Result

Proceed to

One cylinder is malfunctioning

A

Multiple or all cylinders are malfunctioning, or the malfunctioning cylinder cannot be determined.

B

B

GO TO STEP 19

A

13.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CHECK THE CYLINDER COMPRESSION)

HINT:

If the vehicle does not support the Active Test "Check the Cylinder Compression", measure the compression pressure. If the compression pressure is normal, go to step 14 (PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (D-4S (INJECTION VOLUME))).

(a) Warm up the engine.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Check the Cylinder Compression

Data List Display

Engine Speed Cylinder #1

Engine Speed Cylinder #2

Engine Speed Cylinder #3

Average Engine Speed of All Cylinder

HINT:

To display the entire Data List, press the pull down menu button next to Primary. Then select Compression.

(c) Push the snapshot button to turn the snapshot function on.

HINT:

Using the snapshot function, data can be recorded during the Active Test.

(d) While the engine is not running, press the Active button to change Check the Cylinder Compression to "Start".

HINT:

After performing the above procedure, Check the Cylinder Compression will start. Fuel injection for all cylinders is prohibited and each cylinder engine speed measurement enters standby mode.

(e) Crank the engine for about 10 seconds.

(f) Monitor the engine speed (Engine Speed Cylinder #1 to #6 and Average Engine Speed of All Cylinder) displayed on the GTS.

NOTICE:

  • Do not crank the engine continuously for 20 seconds or more.
  • If it is necessary to crank the engine again after Check the Cylinder Compression has been changed to "Start" and the engine has been cranked once, press Exit to return to the Active Test menu screen. Then change Check the Cylinder Compression to "Start" and crank the engine.
  • Make sure the auxiliary battery is fully charged before performing this Active Test.

(g) Stop cranking the engine, and then change "Check the Cylinder Compression" to "Stop" after the engine stops.

NOTICE:

  • If the Active Test is changed to "Stop" while the engine is being cranked, the engine will start.
  • When performing the Active Test, Vehicle Control History code X0810 (Engine Difficult to Start (Engine Starting Time Long)) may be stored.
  • After performing the Active Test, make sure to check and clear DTCs.

(h) Push the snapshot button to turn the snapshot function off.

(i) Select "Stored Data" on the GTS screen, select the recorded data and display the data as a graph.

HINT:

If the data is not displayed as a graph, the change of the values cannot be observed.

(j) Read the value.

HINT:

  • At first, the GTS will display extremely high cylinder engine speed values. After approximately 10 seconds of engine cranking, the engine speed measurement of each cylinder will change to the actual engine speed.
  • If the value of Data List item "Engine Speed Cylinder" of a cylinder is higher than other cylinders, the cylinder may be malfunctioning.
  • If the value of Data List item "Engine Speed Cylinder" is high for only one cylinder, compression loss is suspected.

Result

Proceed to

There is no variation in "Engine Speed Cylinder"

(All cylinders display approximately the same value for "Engine Speed Cylinder")

A

There is variation in "Engine Speed Cylinder"

(Only one cylinder displays a value for "Engine Speed Cylinder" that differs considerably)

B

B

GO TO STEP 18

A

14.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (D-4S (INJECTION VOLUME))

(a) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature is 75°C (167°F) or higher with all the accessories switched off.

(b) Idle the engine.

(c) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

D-4S (Injection Volume)

Data List Display

Injection Mode

(d) According to the display on the GTS, perform the Active Test and check the vehicle conditions when increasing and decreasing the fuel injection volume of port injection and direct injection.

HINT:

  • Increase and decrease the fuel injection volume of the port injection and direct injection simultaneously and check the vehicle condition.
  • Change the fuel injection volume between the minimum and maximum range of correction (e.g. -12.5% to 24.8%).

Result

Proceed to

Malfunction is still present even if the fuel injection volume is changed

A

Malfunction disappears when the fuel injection volume is changed

B

B

GO TO STEP 17

A

15.

CHECK IGNITION SYSTEM

(a) Check the ignition system.

HINT:

  • Interchange the ignition coil assembly and spark plug of the malfunctioning cylinder with those of a known good cylinder and check if the malfunctioning cylinder returns to normal.
  • If the spark plug of the malfunctioning cylinder is abnormally wet with fuel even after the ignition coil assembly and spark plug are replaced, a leaking fuel injector assembly is suspected.

Result

Proceed to

The malfunctioning cylinder does not return to normal

A

The malfunctioning cylinder returned to normal

B

B

GO TO STEP 33

A

16.

INSPECT OTHER RELATED COMPONENTS

(a) Check the power source circuit, wire harness and connectors.

NEXT

GO TO STEP 33

17.

REPLACE FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

(a) Replace the abnormal fuel injector assembly.

HINT:

  • If the air fuel ratio learned value is corrected to the positive side for all operating ranges due to low fuel injector assembly injection volume, replace the fuel injector assemblies of all cylinders.
  • Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel injector assembly.

    Click here

NEXT

GO TO STEP 34

18.

CHECK CYLINDER COMPRESSION PRESSURE

(a) Measure the cylinder compression pressure. If the compression pressure of a cylinder is low, inspect the engine assembly and repair or replace parts as necessary.

Click here

NEXT

GO TO STEP 33

19.

INSPECT MASS AIR FLOW METER SUB-ASSEMBLY

Click here

NG

GO TO STEP 29

OK

20.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (D-4S (INJECTION VOLUME))

(a) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature is 75°C (167°F) or higher with all the accessories switched off.

(b) Warm up the air fuel ratio sensors at an engine speed of 2500 rpm for 90 seconds.

(c) Idle the engine.

(d) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

D-4S (Injection Volume)

Data List Display

Injection Mode

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2

(e) According to the display on the GTS, perform the Active Test and check the vehicle conditions when increasing and decreasing the fuel injection volume of port injection and direct injection.

NOTICE:

  • The air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) has an output delay of a few seconds and the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) has a maximum output delay of approximately 20 seconds.
  • Read the output current immediately after warming up the air fuel ratio sensors to avoid an inaccurate reading due to a sensor cooling.

HINT:

  • Increase and decrease the fuel injection volume of the port injection and direct injection simultaneously and check the vehicle condition.
  • Change the fuel injection volume between -12 to 12%.

Standard:

GTS Display

(Sensor)

Injection Volume

Current

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S1

(Air fuel ratio (sensor 1))

12%

Below -0.075 mA

-12%

More than 0.037 mA

A/F (O2) Sensor Current B1S2

(Air fuel ratio (sensor 2))

12%

Below -0.86 mA

-12%

More than 0.33 mA

Result

Proceed to

Output current values are abnormal

A

Malfunction disappears when fuel injection volume is increased

B

Malfunction is still present when fuel injection volume is increased, even if output current values are normal

C

B

GO TO STEP 22

C

GO TO STEP 23

A

21.

REPLACE AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (SENSOR 1) AND AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (SENSOR 2)

(a) Replace the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1).

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1).

Click here

(b) Replace the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2).

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2).

Click here

NEXT

GO TO STEP 34

22.

REPLACE FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

(a) Replace the fuel injector assemblies of all cylinders.

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel injector assembly.

Click here

NEXT

GO TO STEP 34

23.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (ACTIVATE THE CIRCUIT RELAY (BRUSHLESS))

(a) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Tester Display

Activate the Circuit Relay (Brushless)

(b) When performing the Active Test, check for an operating sound from the fuel pump (for low pressure side).

OK:

Activate the Circuit Relay (Brushless)

Specified Condition

ON

Operating sound heard

OFF

Operating sound not heard

NG

GO TO STEP 28

OK

24.

INSPECT FUEL PUMP (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

(a) Attach a fuel pressure gauge and check the fuel pressure when cranking the engine and after stopping the engine.

Click here

Standard:

Vehicle State

Specified Condition

Cranking engine

196 to 833 kPa (2.0 to 8.5 kgf/cm2, 28 to 121 psi)

5 minutes after stopping engine

98 kPa (1.0 kgf/cm2, 14 psi) or higher

HINT:

  • If there is foreign matter such as iron particles on the fuel pump, remove it.
  • Make sure that there are no leaks from the fuel lines, signs of fuel leakage or fuel odors.
NG

GO TO STEP 27

OK

25.

READ VALUE USING GTS (FUEL PRESSURE (HIGH))

(a) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature is 75°C (167°F) or higher with all the accessories switched off.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Fuel Pressure (High)

Injection Mode

(c) According to the display on the GTS, read the Data List.

Standard:

GTS Display

Condition

Specified Condition

Fuel Pressure (High)

  • Shift lever position: neutral
  • A/C: Off
  • Engine warmed up
  • Engine Speed: 3000 rpm
  • Injection Mode: Direct

2800 to 20000 kPag

NG

GO TO STEP 33

OK

26.

INSPECT OTHER RELATED COMPONENTS

(a) Inspect other related components.

HINT:

If the malfunctioning part could not be determined by performing the preceding inspections, one of the following malfunctions is suspected.

  • Deposits in the intake manifold or on an intake valve
  • Delay in fuel supply due to adherence of the fuel to the deposits
NEXT

GO TO STEP 33

27.

INSPECT RELATED PARTS

(a) Inspect the following fuel pump (for low pressure side) related parts:

  • Fuel pump (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel suction plate sub-assembly
  • Fuel main valve assembly
  • Fuel lines and connecting parts
  • Fuel filter
NEXT

GO TO STEP 33

28.

INSPECT FUEL PUMP CONTROL SYSTEM

(a) Inspect the fuel pump control system.

NEXT

GO TO STEP 34

29.

CHECK INTAKE SYSTEM

(a) Check for air leaks or blockage in the intake system components. If a connection problem or foreign matter is found, repair the connection or remove the foreign matter.

HINT:

  • If there is foreign matter in the intake system components, remove it before proceeding to the next step.
  • If there is no foreign matter in the intake system components, check for foreign matter in the mass air flow meter sub-assembly. If there is foreign matter in the mass air flow meter sub-assembly, remove it.
NEXT

GO TO STEP 33

30.

REMOVE FOREIGN OBJECT (CLEAN THROTTLE BODY WITH MOTOR ASSEMBLY)

(a) Clean off any deposits from the inside of the throttle body with motor assembly.

(b) Push open the throttle valve and wipe off any carbon from the valve and bore using a piece of cloth soaked in non-residue solvent.

*1

Throttle Body with Motor Assembly

*2

Bore

*3

Valve

-

-

*a

Reference

*b

Throttle Body with Motor Assembly Cross-section Diagram

*c

When valve fully opened

*d

Do not directly apply cleaner

*e

Deposits

-

-

NOTICE:

  • Make sure that the cloth or your fingers do not get caught in the valve.
  • Make sure that foreign matter does not enter the throttle valve.
  • Do not directly apply non-residue solvent to the throttle body with motor assembly or wash the throttle body with motor assembly. Cleaning solvent may leak into the motor from the shaft and cause problems such as rust or valve movement problems.
  • If there is coating material on the edge of the valve, be careful not to remove it.

HINT:

  • The illustrations are for reference only. Actual parts may differ.
  • When cleaning or replacing one throttle body with motor assembly, clean the other throttle body with motor assembly.
NEXT

31.

PERFORM CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

(a) Perform "Inspection After Repair" after cleaning the throttle body with motor assembly.

Click here

(b) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher.

(c) Allow the engine to idle for 3 minutes or more and confirm that the engine speed is within the specified range.

HINT:

After cleaning the deposits from the throttle body with motor assembly, perform learning value reset and idle learning. If the engine is operated without performing learning again, the engine speed may increase.

NEXT

GO TO STEP 34

32.

CHECK IGNITION SYSTEM

(a) Perform a spark test.

Click here

HINT:

  • If there is a malfunction for a specific cylinder, exchange the ignition coil assembly and spark plug of the malfunctioning cylinder with that of another cylinder and check if the malfunction disappears.
  • If the malfunction does not disappear after the ignition coil assembly and spark plug is exchanged or spark does not occur for any cylinder, inspect the ignition circuit.

    Click here

NEXT

33.

REPAIR OR REPLACE MALFUNCTIONING PARTS

(a) Repair or replace the malfunctioning part.

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after repairing or replacing the malfunctioning part.

Click here

NEXT

34.

CONDUCT CONFIRMATION TEST

(a) Check that the engine has returned to normal.

NEXT

END

    Rough Idling

    DESCRIPTION Problem Symptom Suspected Area Trouble Area Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion Idle speed too low or high Strong engine vibration due to above symptoms Ignition malfunction Deviation in air fuel ratio (Excessive or insufficient intake air volume or fuel supply) Insufficient compression Changes in load from another system Ignition system Spark plug Ignition coil assembly Fuel system Direct fuel injector assembly Port fuel injector assembly Fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) Fuel pump (for low pressure side) Fuel pump control circuit Fuel line Purge VSV system Fuel quality (existence of foreign matter, degradation) Intake and exhaust systems Mass air flow meter sub-assembly Intake system (Air leaks or deposit accumulation) Throttle body with motor assembly Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) Cam timing oil control solenoid assembly Variable Valve Timing system (VVT system) Other control systems ECM Wire harness or connector Knock control sensor Engine coolant temperature sensor Engine Water control valve Engine assembly Engine mount High load from another system Air conditioning system Power steering system Electrical load signal system SYMPTOM AND CAUSE OF SYSTEM MALFUNCTION HINT: The following are descriptions of the characteristics of each system malfunction...

    Lack of Power

    DESCRIPTION Problem Symptom Suspected Area Trouble Area Engine speed fluctuation due to abnormal combustion Idle speed too low or high Strong engine vibration due to above symptoms Ignition malfunction Deviation in air fuel ratio (Excessive or insufficient intake air volume or fuel supply) Insufficient compression Changes in load from another system Ignition system Spark plug Ignition coil assembly Fuel system Direct fuel injector assembly Port fuel injector assembly Fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) Fuel pump (for low pressure side) Fuel pump control circuit Fuel suction plate sub-assembly Fuel main valve assembly Fuel line Purge VSV system Fuel quality (existence of foreign matter, degradation) Intake and exhaust systems Mass air flow meter sub-assembly Intake system (Air leaks or deposit accumulation) Throttle body with motor assembly Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 1) Air fuel ratio sensor (sensor 2) Cam timing oil control solenoid assembly Variable Valve Timing system (VVT system) Other control systems ECM Wire harness or connector Knock control sensor Engine coolant temperature sensor Engine Water control valve Engine assembly High load from another system Air conditioning system Power steering system Electrical load signal system SYMPTOM AND CAUSE OF SYSTEM MALFUNCTION HINT: The following are descriptions of the characteristics of each system malfunction...

    Other information:

    Toyota Yaris XP210 (2020-2022) Reapir and Service Manual: Installation


    INSTALLATION CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT NOTICE: After performing the ECU configuration procedure and update ECU security key procedure, make sure to perform the initialization procedure for when the cable has been disconnected and reconnected to the negative (-) auxiliary battery terminal...

    Toyota Yaris XP210 (2020-2022) Reapir and Service Manual: Installation


    INSTALLATION PROCEDURE 1. INSTALL STOP LIGHT SWITCH MOUNTING ADJUSTER (a) Engage the claws to install a new stop light switch mounting adjuster. 2. INSTALL STOP LIGHT SWITCH ASSEMBLY (a) Insert the stop light switch assembly to the stop light switch mounting adjuster until the switch body slightly touches the brake pedal...

    Categories

    Refueling

    Before refueling, close all the doors, windows, and the liftgate/trunk lid, and switch the ignition OFF.

    To open the fuel-filler lid, pull the remote fuel-filler lid release.

    Toyota Yaris. Refueling

    To remove the fuel-filler cap, turn it counterclockwise. Attach the removed cap to the inner side of the fuel-filler lid.

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