Toyota Yaris: Sfi System / Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too Low (P008A00)

Toyota Yaris XP210 (2020-2022) Reapir and Service Manual / Engine & Hybrid System / G16e-gts (engine Control) / Sfi System / Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too Low (P008A00)

DESCRIPTION

In order to supply the optimal fuel pressure according to the driving conditions and usage environment, the variable fuel system sends a drive signal from the ECM to the fuel pump control ECU, steplessly performing variable control of the fuel pump (for low pressure side) and receiving feedback about the fuel pressure (for low pressure side) from the No. 2 fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side).

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Note

P008A00

Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too Low

The actual fuel pressure (for low pressure side) value is less than the target fuel pressure (for low pressure side) by 200 kPa [29 psi] or more (1 trip detection logic).

  • Leak of fuel
  • Fuel pump control ECU
  • No. 2 fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel pump (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel main valve assembly (for high pressure)
  • ECM

-

SAE: P008A

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

If the fuel pressure (for low pressure side) decreases despite an increase request signal being sent to the fuel pump control ECU by the ECM, the ECM will store this DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

  1. Connect the GTS to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the ignition switch to ON.
  3. Turn the GTS on.
  4. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  5. Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  6. Turn the ignition switch to ON [A].
  7. Turn the GTS on.
  8. Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher [B].
  9. Drive the vehicle for 15 minutes or more [C].

    CAUTION:

    When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

  10. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [D].
  11. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  12. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  13. Input the DTC: P008A00.
  14. Check the DTC judgment result.

    GTS Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result is NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result is ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result is INCOMPLETE, perform steps [B] through [D] again.

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

Read Freeze Frame Data using the GTS. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as Freeze Frame Data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, Freeze Frame Data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK FUEL LEAK

(a) Check around and beneath the vehicle for fuel leaks, fumes, etc.

OK:

No fuel leaks present.

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE FUEL LEAK POINT

OK

2.

CHECK OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P008A00)

(a) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTC P008A00 is output

A

DTC P008A00 and other DTCs are output

B

HINT:

If any DTCs other than P008A00 are output, troubleshoot those DTCs first.

B

GO TO DTC CHART

A

3.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO (BRUSHLESS))

(a) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Tester Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio (Brushless)

(b) Check whether the fuel pump (for low pressure side) operating sound occurs when performing the Active Test on the GTS.

Standard:

GTS Operation

Standard

High

Operating sounds can be heard from fuel pump (for low pressure side)

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pump (for low pressure side).

Click here

NG

GO TO FUEL PUMP CONTROL CIRCUIT

OK

4.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO (BRUSHLESS))

(a) Discharge the fuel pressure.

(1) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse from the No. 5 luggage room relay block assembly.

(2) Start the engine.

(3) After the engine has stopped on its own, turn the ignition switch off.

HINT:

If the engine does not stop naturally, perform direct injection by racing the engine to reduce the fuel pressure [Fuel Pressure (High)] and stop the engine.

(4) Crank the engine again and make sure that the engine does not start.

(5) Install the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio (Brushless)

Data List Display

Target Fuel Pressure (Low) / Target Fuel Pressure 2

(c) Read the value displayed on the GTS when the Active Test was performed.

Standard:

GTS Operation

Standard

Low to High

When switching from Low to High, Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2 value changes

HINT:

Once the fuel pressure becomes high, the fuel pressure will not decrease, even when switched from High to Low. Therefore, make sure that the fuel pressure is low before checking that the fuel pressure changes when switching from Low to High.

NG

GO TO STEP 10

OK

5.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO (BRUSHLESS))

(a) Discharge the fuel pressure.

(1) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse from the No. 5 luggage room relay block assembly.

(2) Start the engine.

(3) After the engine has stopped on its own, turn the ignition switch off.

HINT:

If the engine does not stop naturally, perform direct injection by racing the engine to reduce the fuel pressure [Fuel Pressure (High)] and stop the engine.

(4) Crank the engine again and make sure that the engine does not start.

(5) Install the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio (Brushless)

Data List Display

Target Fuel Pressure (Low) / Target Fuel Pressure 2

(c) Read the value displayed on the GTS when the Active Test was performed.

Standard:

GTS Operation

Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2

Low

50 kPag or higher

High

420 kPag or higher

HINT:

Once the fuel pressure becomes high, the fuel pressure will not decrease, even when switched from High to Low. Therefore, make sure that the fuel pressure is low before checking that the fuel pressure changes when switching from Low to High.

OK:

Actual Low and High values are as shown above.

NG

GO TO STEP 9

OK

6.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO (BRUSHLESS))

(a) Install the fuel pressure gauge (for low pressure line of low pressure side).

Click here

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio (Brushless)

Data List Display

Target Fuel Pressure (Low) / Target Fuel Pressure 2

(c) Compare the values in the Data List using the GTS and the fuel pressure gauge when the Active Test was performed.

Standard:

GTS Operation

Standard

Low

Data List value and fuel pressure gauge are within +/-50 kPa of each other

High

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the No. 2 fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side).

Click here

NG

REPLACE NO. 2 FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

OK

7.

CLEAR DTC

(a) Clear the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs

(b) Turn the ignition switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

NEXT

8.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P008A00)

(a) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Utility

Tester Display

All Readiness

(c) Input the DTC: P008A00.

(d) Check the DTC judgment result.

Result

Proceed to

NORMAL

(DTCs are not output)

A

ABNORMAL

(P008A00 is output)

B

A

CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS

B

REPLACE ECM

9.

READ VALUE USING GTS (FUEL PRESSURE (LOW) / FUEL PRESSURE 2)

(a) Start the engine.

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2

(c) Record the Fuel Pressure (Low) value.

(d) Turn the ignition switch off.

(e) Wait for 10 seconds.

(f) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(g) Turn the GTS on.

(h) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2

(i) Compare the Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2 value recorded with the engine running to the Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2 value currently shown on the GTS.

Result

Proceed to

Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2 value is maintained

A

Fuel Pressure (Low) / Fuel Pressure 2 value drops

B

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pump (for low pressure side).

Click here

A

REPLACE FUEL PUMP (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

B

REPLACE FUEL MAIN VALVE ASSEMBLY

10.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING GTS (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO (BRUSHLESS))

(a) Install the fuel pressure gauge (for low pressure line of low pressure side).

Click here

(b) Enter the following menus.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio (Brushless)

Data List Display

Target Fuel Pressure (Low) / Target Fuel Pressure 2

(c) Read the values in the Data List using the GTS and the fuel pressure gauge when the Active Test was performed.

GTS Operation

Result

Proceed to

Low to High

Data List value does not change, but fuel pressure gauge changes

A

Data List value and fuel pressure gauge do not change

B

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the No. 2 fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side).

Click here

A

REPLACE NO. 2 FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

B

REPLACE FUEL PUMP CONTROL ECU

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    Break-In Period

    No special break-in is necessary, but a few precautions in the first 600 miles (1,000 km) may add to the performance, economy, and life of the vehicle.

    Do not race the engine. Do not maintain one constant speed, either slow or fast, for a long period of time. Do not drive constantly at full-throttle or high engine rpm for extended periods of time. Avoid unnecessary hard stops. Avoid full-throttle starts.

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